How to install an HTTPS proxy server?


How to install an HTTPS proxy server?

A proxy server is a kind of gateway that connects you to the Internet. When visiting a website, the proxy server establishes a communication with it on behalf of your browser. Then, when it obtains a response from the website, the proxy transmits the required data to you.

Proxy servers can perform many tasks. They can in particular detect viruses, serve as firewalls, speed up your connection by caching and masking your public IP address.

There are many choices available to you regarding your confidentiality on the Internet. You have to be exhaustive, for example to fully understand what a reverse proxy is or to clearly distinguish a VPN, a proxy and Tor. If you want reliable protection and encryption for your Internet traffic, think of a VPN. The VPN Avast SecureLine protects your data from prying eyes and protects your identity online. It is also much easier to install than a proxy server.

A proxy does not guarantee the same level of protection, especially if you use one of the many web-based proxies that are available online. These public proxy services can slow your service and, worse still, they can be unsecured. We rather advise you to learn how to configure a proxy server under Windows, MacOS and the best known web browsers.

If you configure your browser to use a proxy operated by a company, school or other similar organization, some of these instructions may require you to contact your IT team. This is particularly the case when you are asked to manually enter a script name, officially called the automatic proxy configuration file (.PAC). You may also be asked to enter the IP and the proxy port number. In both cases, contact your IT support service if you do not have this information. If you are using a proxy that you have purchased or created yourself, you already know these details.

How to configure a proxy server under Windows ?

Here’s how to configure your Windows PC to use a proxy server on Windows 8 or Windows 10 :

  1. Press Windows + I keys simultaneously to access the Windows Settings menu.

  2. In Windows 10, click Settings> Network and Internet> Proxy. Under Windows 8, click Settings> Network proxy.

  3. In the Manual Configuration section, pass “Use a proxy server” on On. Make sure that the “Automatic parameter detection” is also activated.

  4. By default, Windows automatically checks whether your business, school or local area network already has an automatic proxy server configuration ready to run for you. If so, Windows will tell you its name and invite you to follow its instructions.

  5. In case Windows detects a .PAC file in the automatic configuration of the proxy, pass Use an installation script on On.

  6. Enter the address of the script and click Save.

Congratulations ! You are ready to take advantage of your proxy.

How to configure a proxy manually under Windows 8 or Windows 10 ?

Not all organizations configure the process automatically. Here’s how to configure a proxy manually on Windows 8 or Windows 10.

  1. To access Windows parameters, press Windows + I keys simultaneously

  2. In Windows 10, click Settings> Network and Internet> Proxy. Under Windows 8 systems, click Settings> Network proxy.

  3. Scroll through to “Manual Proxy Configuration” and pass “Use a Proxy Server” on On.

  4. In the address field, enter the name of the proxy server or the IP address. In the Port field, enter the proxy port number. You can get them from your computer support technician.

  5. If the proxy server is password protected, check the “The proxy server requires a password” box. Enter your account name and password in the User Name and Password fields.

  6. Click Save.

You have nothing else to do. You have completed the configuration necessary to use your proxy server on Windows. The next time you use the Internet, you will use the proxy server.

Here’s how to configure a proxy server on a Mac performing macOS 10.15 Catalina. Other versions of macOS use essentially the same commands.

  1. Open System Preferences. You can access it by clicking on Apple menu> System preferences.

  2. Choose the network icon to adjust the connectivity parameters.

  3. Select the type of network you are using, usually Ethernet or Wi-Fi.

  4. Click Advanced> Proxys.

  5. To automatically configure your proxy server settings, select Automatic proxy detection. Click Secure Web Proxy (HTTPS). Enter the proxy server address and port number in the fields on the right.

  6. To use an automatic proxy configuration file (.PAC), select Automatic proxy configuration and enter the proxy address in the URL field

  7. If the proxy server is password protected, check the “The proxy server requires a password” box. Enter your account name and password in the User Name and Password fields.

  8. Click OK to save the proxy configuration.

You are now ready to browse the Internet via your proxy.

By default, Chrome uses your macOS or Windows proxy. To modify your proxy parameters from Chrome, follow the instructions below:

  1. Open the Chrome toolbar and select Settings.

  2. Scroll through the screen to the bottom of the display area. Click Show Advanced Parameters…

  3. Scroll up to “System” and choose Access to your computer’s proxy settings.

  4. Then return to the instructions for your operating system listed above to configure and follow your proxy server settings.

In short, to configure a proxy server under Google Chrome, you just need to start the procedure in the browser, then complete the process from your computer operating system.

Like Chrome, Safari’s default setting is to follow the instructions for proxy configuration in your operating system. To modify your proxy settings in Safari, follow the instructions below:

  1. Click on Safari in the browser toolbar. Select Preferences.

  2. Click on the Advanced tab. Under “Proxys”, click Edit Parameters…

  3. Then return to the instructions for MacOS above to configure your proxy server settings and follow them.

Edge is the Windows 10 built-in web browser and, unless otherwise indicated, will use your proxy configurations in Windows. The latest versions of Edge are based on Chrome, so the configuration is similar. To configure a proxy server in Edge, follow the procedure below:

  1. In Microsoft Edge, in the upper right corner, click the Menu button. Select Settings.

  2. Scroll through to the Advanced Settings section and click the Show Advanced Parameters icon .

  3. Click the Open Proxy Parameters button.

  4. Then return to the instructions for Windows 10 above and follow them to configure your server settings.

Unlike other web browsers, Firefox does not use the proxy settings in your system by default. You must modify your proxy from Firefox :

  1. Open the Firefox menu and select Options.

  2. Click on the Advanced icon.

  3. Select the Network tab.

  4. In Connection Settings, select Automatic proxy configuration detection for this network. When invited, enter the proxy address.

  5. Another possibility is to select Use system parameters in Connection Settings. If you choose this last option, Firefox will use the proxy settings in your operating system.

  6. Click OK to save these settings.

Keep in mind that the Internet Explorer is an obsolete browser. Rather, privilege a browser that is supported and regularly updated like Avast Secure Browser, Chrome, Edge, Firefox or Safari. However, a still considerable number of people and companies still use Internet Explorer (IE) and it is important that you are able to configure certain elements, if necessary.

Like other browsers, IE uses your Windows proxy configurations by default. Here’s how to configure your proxy in IE .

  1. Open the IE toolbar and select Internet Options.

  2. Open the Connections tab.

  3. Select LAN Settings

  4. Check the “Use a proxy server for the local network” box.

  5. When invited, enter the name of the proxy server and the port number.

  6. Click OK to save these settings.

With Android, you must configure the proxy settings for each of the networks you use. In addition, the proxy will only be used by your web browser. Other Internet applications may choose to use or ignore the proxy based on their own internal parameters. This is another reason why VPNs are often the best choice because they take care of all the Internet traffic on your device.

  1. Open Android settings and press Wi-Fi to display the list of Wi-Fi networks.

  2. Press at length the name of the Wi-Fi network whose proxy parameters you want to modify. Press Edit Network.

  3. Press Advanced Options.

  4. Press Manual to modify the parameters of your proxy. Enter your host name and proxy port.

    If you have an automatic proxy configuration file (PAC), select Automatic proxy configuration and Android will invite you to enter the PAC address

  5. Press RECORD

  1. Go to Parameters> Wi-Fi.

  2. Select the active Wi-Fi connection.

  3. Under HTTP proxy, click Configure the proxy.

  4. Press Manual to modify the parameters of your proxy. Enter your host name, proxy port and, if necessary, your user name and password.

    OR

    If your supplier supports the Web Proxy Auto-Discovery Protocol (WAD) automatic detection protocol, press Automatic. If necessary, enter the location of the PAC file (automatic proxy configuration).

  5. Press the Wi-Fi selection window again.

Proxy servers can be very useful, especially in large organizations. However, their installation can be somewhat complex and should normally be entrusted to a network administrator or a IT professional.

The VPN Avast SecureLine is a simple online confidentiality solution to use, with a significantly greater ability to protect your identity and online activities. In a single click or a single finger pressure, you can quantify your online presence to preserve your anonymity and keep your personal information safe from prying eyes, for example your online banking, your health information or your photos private. Enjoy authentic online confidentiality from your desktop computer, laptop or other mobile device through a VPN that is both practical and secure.


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