How to design your house piece by piece?
What type of house to choose ?
For the choice of the house, check if there are architectural constraints with the town hall. Also, learn about the local urban plan (PLU). This document will allow you to learn about the architectural rules to be respected such as the type of roof, materials, density rules. The choice of the type of house depends on the tastes, the budget, particular constraints …
The traditional house, whether concrete, brick or stone, will be charming for some and not for others. Be aware that it has the main advantage of offering excellent thermal insulation. This type of construction also guarantees incomparable robustness and longevity.
Wooden construction is not outdone in terms of insulation, mainly in terms of thermal. If you opt for this type of house, provide effective phonic insulators, especially for floors. These can be cork, wood fiber, or cellulose panels.
There is also the industrial house with metal partitions or metal frames. The elements are manufactured in the factory, then assembled directly on concrete foundations.
How many people will live in the house ?
How many people your home is made up of ? Do you have young children ? Or plan to have children in the near future ? Your children are grown up … Will they soon gain independence ? Would you like to welcome relatives regularly ? Do you ever work from home ? All these questions are crucial to calibrate the size of your house with the right number of rooms, their destination and the necessary equipment or facilities. This will have an impact on the budget for your construction project.
Would you like a house on one level or on the floor ?
Your land allows you to have a sufficient living area on the ground for a single-foot house. These constructions are interesting. They have the advantage of being accessible to everyone. If your children are still small, or if you are advancing in age, the single-footed house may be more suitable, and allows all family members (children, seniors, people with reduced mobility) to move around in full. security. If you plan to stay in your accommodation for the long term, this is an interesting option allowing you to have all the accessible spaces, even in the event of a mobility problem.
The other option is the house on the floor. It often gives a feeling of space. In addition, it makes it possible to clearly delimit the functions of each level: living rooms are often provided on the ground floor, and the floor is generally devoted to rooms and water rooms.
We advise you, however, if you plan to stay in the house for the long term, to have a room and a bathroom on the ground floor. You can stay at your home in case of mobility problems. Another point of vigilance, if your children are small, make sure the stairs are designed for them, in compliance with safety standards (NF E85-015) : height of the steps between 16 and 21 centimeters and installation of a railing 90 cm in minimum height, as well as a landing every 25 steps (recommended !).
What types of floors should be chosen in a house ?
The function of each room will help you determine the choice of soil. If you choose to lay the floor in the living rooms, know that you have a wide choice, both in styles and prices. You can opt for a traditional wooden parquet. Insulation, heat and seal guaranteed. But you might as well prefer a floating or glued parquet. So make sure to ensure sound insulation through a sublayer, the floors being rather sound floors.
If one can perfectly choose to lay parquet in the water rooms (bathroom, toilet and kitchen), he is often preferred to tiles, for practical reasons ! For tiling, take care of the “slippage” of the coating to limit the risk of falls.
Finally, if you choose to put carpet in the rooms, favor a quality model. However, if you have problems with mite allergy, this is not recommended.
In your research, keep in mind to select a ground allowing one . With the comings and goings between the house and the garden, your floors will quickly get dirty. Also, watch for the UPEC classification for soils (Standby wear, resistance to Poinçonation by objects, behavior in Water and resistance to chemical tasks).
In order to guide and guide you, consult our guide to choose your floors well.
How to arrange the kitchen ?
Perfect cuisine varies according to everyone’s tastes, and especially according to the use you want to make of this room. If you are a foodie and you like spending hours there to cook small dishes, every detail counts !
First decide on the overall layout of the room: do you prefer to have a closed room, which for example prevents odors from spreading throughout the accommodation ? Or, on the contrary, consider the kitchen as an open space, which allows you to communicate with your family and your guests, while concocting your small dishes ? Would you like a kitchen all the way or in “L” ?
For the creation of a kitchen, know that there is a rule to follow for an optimized layout: the activity triangle. This means that the location of the elements used to cook (fakeboards, oven), wash (sink, dishwasher) and store your food (refrigerator, freezer) must represent a triangle. This arrangement optimizes gestures and movements.
Next comes the choice of cooking equipment: do you want to have a gas stove, or do you prefer electric plates (vitroceramics or induction) ? What type of oven do you want ? Remember to choose a model with child safety and a cold door if you have children.
Also think of water points: you are more classic, shabby, or downright cozy faucet, chef’s cooking ? The choices are vast, and there are for all tastes and all purses.
Do not neglect the electrical installation either. There are never too many takes. To give you benchmarks, standard NF C 15-100 requires for electrical installation:
- 4 specialized circuits for high-power household appliances: stove, washing machine, dishwasher, oven, refrigerator, freezer.
- 6 conventional sockets (16 Amps + T, i.e. a socket with 2 holes and a metal rod, connected to the ground) for small household appliances (breadcrumbs, coffee pots, kettle, various robots ) including 4 at the worktop.
If your kitchen requires it, you can plan more.
Also think of the layout of the cupboards, the worktop and the lighting that is essential in a kitchen. We recommend that you provide enough lamps to have the possibility of creating several light atmospheres: one specific to illuminate the work surface in an optimal way with orientable spots, the other allowing to illuminate the whole room. It is important to illuminate this room well for visual comfort and safety issues so as not to hurt yourself while cooking.
If you wish to be accompanied in the design of this room, do not hesitate to call on a cook who will be able to guide you while taking into account each of your choices.
How to organize the bathroom (s) and bathrooms ?
Water parts are important for everyday life, but can also make a difference when reselling your property. Think carefully about what you want to install. Would you like several bathrooms ? Or do you prefer to plan a bathroom and a bathroom ? A separate toilet ? For a house on the floor, remember to provide toilets on each floor, for the sake of practicality. Again, follow your preferences ! But you can be advised by a specialist, who will be able to provide you with the answers to all questions. Also provide a toilet near the living rooms and reception rooms of your guests, if you are considering such a space.
To properly design your home, remember to worry about the choice of equipment and materials for the whole house: ventilation, heating and domestic hot water systems, floor coverings, insulation, etc. This step is important for questions of longevity, maintenance, health, thermal comfort or acoustics. Consider, in particular, looking at the environmental and sanitary labels of products and equipment. Follow our guides to help you.
Where to place your terrace ?
Sun lovers and heavy heat will choose it from the South, the most sensitive will prefer to install it in the shade of a tree, and especially in the shelter of the wind ! Remember to take all the elements into consideration when choosing the location of your terrace. Be careful, if you live in a hot region, the terrace in full sun can quickly become unlivable in summer.
Keep in mind also the concept of accessibility: plan an easy passage to the kitchen, so that you can eat your meals there without having to cross your entire house. Do you want direct access from the outside ? With or without stairs ? Indicate it to the professional chosen to carry out the architect plans for your future home.
How many integrated storage is required ?
Integrated storage often makes all the difference: practical and discreet, it offers you endless possibilities to store all of your accessories, equipment, clothing and other kitchen utensils. With sliding doors, with rolling shutters, or with conventional doors, the range of storage is infinite and is available in all sizes, all shapes and all colors. Do not neglect any “lost” room or space: you will never have too many storage !
What additional parts are needed for your home ?
If you have several vehicles (cars, bikes, motorcycles, etc.), a garage is often essential, for the sake of safety and comfort.
A laundry room can also be practical for creating a space dedicated to laundry and freeing the kitchen or bathroom from the washing machine and the dryer.
A cellar can provide you with interesting storage space for cans and food, especially if you have an open kitchen. This room can be used to put on household appliances or additional storage.
Finally, don’t forget the dressing room. It allows you to store all your things easily and have a less crowded room. You will be able to install storage spaces, clever and functional.
What orientation to choose ?
If you focus your attention on the plans and the various spaces to be developed, do not neglect the orientation of the house ! We advise you to place the rooms in the shade, to prevent them from becoming suffocating in summer. On the other hand, a living room bathed in light oriented towards the West with the sun in the afternoon and at the end of the day is always more welcoming. The kitchen in the East to enjoy breakfast in the sun in the morning is very pleasant and comfortable.
Make sure you choose windows and shutters
When designing your future home, take the time to make your choice of windows. We advise you to have double glazing installed.
In living rooms, the number of windows will vary depending on the size. Your architect, builder or entrepreneur may advise you. Do not hesitate to vary the window sizes by combining windows and picture windows in your living room, for example. Keep in mind thinking about orientation when choosing the location of windows and their size. Large bay windows in the West can let the sun in the evening.
Opening models can vary depending on the room to win in place. In a kitchen, favor sliding windows for easy opening or opt for an oscillating model that allows easy ventilation without opening in large and safe with children. This latter model is also interesting in bathrooms or bedrooms.
You must also choose the joinery: wood, aluminum or PVC ? If you have a small budget, prefer PVC windows which offer excellent value for money. The main advantage of aluminum windows is that they have very high durability. But beware, isolation is not always optimal. As for wooden joinery, they allow very good thermal and sound insulation. You can also choose to “mix” the materials (PVC and aluminum or wood and aluminum), in order to combine their advantages. Ask the professional in charge of designing your house, at your window or carpenter. You can also consult our guide to choose your windows correctly.
Finally, do not forget the shutters (wooden or PVC rolling flaps, very insulating) in order to protect you from heat or against intrusions during your absences. If formwork is provided for the rolling flaps, take care of their good insulation during the site so as not to have air leakage and noise pollution. These are entry points for noise.
Have you thought about the “connected” house ?
Connected housing offers you a multitude of advantages. Starting with your intrusions face, of course, with an alarm that protects your home. But connected also means that you will, for example, be able to easily control the light, watering, opening and closing of the shutters, but also the temperature of your home.
All this is programmable and centralized, for optimal comfort and low energy consumption. Home automation also allows you to ensure your safety in the face of accidents inside your home: sensors installed in your home can detect falls, floods, electrical faults, etc. and notify you if necessary.
What should you plan for an “ecolo” or bioclimatic house ?
If you are concerned about the environmental impact of your future home, you will be able to opt for different solutions such as solar panels or a heat pump allowing you to have renewable energy or reduce your energy consumption. You can also integrate a rainwater collector into your home for watering your garden or toilet. For thermal insulation, different materials are available such as, for example, wood fiber or hemp. Talk to your architect, builder or contractor if you want an “ecolo” or bioclimatic house. This will impact the design.
The bioclimatic house is designed to make maximum use of the resources of its environment, in order to limit as much as possible, even eliminate, its energy consumption. Orientation, choice of materials, arrangement of parts, use of available resources: everything is done so that residents waste the least energy (water, electricity, etc.), and live at best, with absolute respect for biodiversity. Such housing can even become “positive energy”, in other words: produce more energy than it consumes.
Remember regulatory constraints !
From design to completion of the construction of your home, your project must imperatively comply with regulations such as (heat regulations in force). Thanks to these measures, your accommodation will be even more eco-responsible and comfortable.
Discuss this with the professional chosen to lead the construction site. Several documents and requirements are to be integrated into the project: a compulsory certificate of the thermal study to be attached to the building permit, provide for renewable energy from the design of the house and at the end of the site have a leakproofness test carried out. ‘air. For more information, see the Ademe file on the construction of a house according to RT 2012.